Agro-biomass-to-energy systems in transition economies: cases of Ukraine and Lithuania
Summary, in English
Economies in transition (EiTs) (e. g. Ukraine (UA), Belarus, Lithuania (LU), Moldova, etc.) face broad needs for energy security enhancement, energy diversification, revitalisation of agriculture and improvements in the state of the environment. Development of national bioenergy potentials can contribute to delivering solutions to these problems. However, EiTs face technical, political, financial, and capacity-based constraints in their transition to bioenergy. This work focuses on bioenergy from agricultural waste in UA and LU as an early emergent area. It applies country based case study analysis and cross-case comparison of straw-to-energy realities in UA and LU. Analysis identifies and describes crucial factors hindering and facilitating the development of agro-bioenergy sectors in the two countries. The outcomes of the paper are principally transferable to other EiTs.