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Lara Strupeit

Lars Strupeit

Project manager

Lara Strupeit

Initial version of CBMD framework and co-creation process approach


  • Nancy Bocken
  • Jeroen Gillabel
  • Anse Smeets
  • Lars Strupeit

Other contributions

  • Julia L.K. Nußholz
  • Katherine Whalen

Summary, in English

This report compiles the findings concerning the “Initial version of CBMD framework and co-creation process approach”, hereafter be referred to as “circular product-service system innovation support method” (cPSS method). The report has been compiled from an extensive review of the literature from a variety of inter-related academic research fields, including business model theory, product service system concepts, business model innovation (BMI), co-creation and experimentation, as well as BMI tools. It is envisioned that the cPSS method will adapt existing business model innovation tools and frameworks to the circular economy context and provide a hands-on toolset that can be used to specify environmental and economic parameters of a (set of) circular business model strategies.


  • The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics

Publishing year




Document type



CIRCUSOL consortium


  • Business Administration