Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Exploring a pioneering bioenergy system: The case of Enkoping in Sweden

  • Kes McCormick
  • Tomas Kåberger
Publishing year: 2005
Language: English
Pages: 1003-1014
Publication/Series: Journal of Cleaner Production
Volume: 13
Issue: 10-11
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

In order to contribute to knowledge on how-to expand bioenergy this paper examines an example of success from Sweden. The idea is to identify factors that can explain the difference between success and failure of bioenergy systems. In the aftermath of the oil crises in the 1970s, the local government in the town of Enkoping in Sweden was cautioned by the local Swedish military regiment to shift towards domestic energy supplies rather than imported fossil fuels. During the decades that followed the local energy companies developed a pioneering bioenergy system. There are 3 important conditions relevant, to explain the success: (1) the introduction of the carbon tax in Sweden provided market conditions making bioenergy sufficiently competitive with fossil fuels; (2) the know-how developed by the local energy companies through experimentation and collaboration with research institutions encouraged investments in local opportunities; and (3), the formation of partnerships in a regional network of actors, including private companies providing biofuels and technology, research institutions, and local government, helped to co-ordinate the development of the bioenergy system.


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • renewable energy
  • innovation
  • sustainable development
  • bioenergy


  • ISSN: 0959-6526
Kes McCormick
E-mail: kes [dot] mccormick [at] iiiee [dot] lu [dot] se

The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE)

Lund University P.O. Box 196, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Visiting Address: Tegnérsplatsen 4,Lund

Telephone: + 46 46 222 00 00 Fax: + 46 46 222 02 10