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New article: Accelerating the low-carbon transition will require policy to enhance local learning

Illustration in green showing a factory, an oil pump, solar panels, wind mills and a charging electric car.

The transition to a low-carbon society requires a deep transformation, enabled by rapid adoption of new energy technologies. A main driver for this will be technology learning, providing cost reductions in low-carbon technologies. Over the past two decades, learning has provided substantial cost reductions for a number of hardware technologies, such as PV modules, wind turbines, and battery packs, some by a factor of ten. Still, we observe weaker cost reductions in installing and integrating such technologies into the broader system.

The authors, Lena Neij and Gregory Nemet, argue that accelerating the transition to a low-carbon society, depends on the advancement of our understanding of 1) the local learning required to reduce implementation costs, and 2) the policy mechanisms vital to stimulate local learning

Read the article "Accelerating the low-carbon transition will require policy to enhance local learning" in Science Direct (open access)


  • Learning has provided substantial cost reduction for hardware energy technologies.
  • Hardware costs comprise a decreasing share of total costs of low-carbon technologies.
  • Implementation costs comprise an increasing share of total costs.
  • A low-carbon transition requires local learning to reduce implementation costs.
  • A low-carbon transition requires policy mechanisms to stimulate local learning.