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Green economy and recycling in Europe

  • Christian Fischer
  • Ioannis Bakas
  • Anders Bjørn
  • Naoko Tojo
  • Christian Löwe
Publishing year: 2011
Language: English
Publication/Series: ETC/SCP working paper 5/2011
Issue: Working paper 5/2011
Document type: Working paper
Publisher: European Topic Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production

Abstract english

Recycling has traditionally been promoted for environmental reasons, but it also has increasing economic importance. A review of the development of the concept of green economy indicates that recycling is an integral part of green economy. This report is about recycling and different aspects of its economic importance for Europe such as turnover, trade within and out of Europe and job creation. The report also covers how much recycling ensures total consumption of different materials in Europe currently and what the potential is for increasing this share. Special focus is also placed on the question of current and future need of rare metals.


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • green economy
  • Europe
  • recycling
  • turn over
  • trade
  • job creation
  • material consumption
  • resource efficiency
  • rare metals


Naoko Tojo
E-mail: naoko [dot] tojo [at] iiiee [dot] lu [dot] se

International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE)

Lund University P.O. Box 196, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Visiting Address: Tegnérsplatsen 4,Lund

Telephone: + 46 46 222 00 00 Fax: + 46 46 222 02 10