Menu

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Climate change and energy policy in Chile: Up in smoke?

Author:
  • Luis Mundaca
Publishing year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 235-248
Publication/Series: Energy Policy
Volume: 52
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

This paper provides an ex-post assessment of the climate and energy policy developments in Chile emerging from a neoliberal economic model, during the period 1971-2007. First, correlation and regression analyses were performed to analyse historical CO2 emissions as a product of demographic, economic and energy-wide drivers. Then I estimate indicators related to CO2 emissions, energy use and economic activity. In the light of empirical results, I identify policy instruments and structural issues. Finally, I present a comparative analysis of Chile and other Latin American countries. Statistical tests show that variability of CO2 emissions is explained mostly by GDP per capita ('affluence') than any other tested variable. Indicators show that the diversification and decarbonisation of the energy mix has been a major policy challenge. With two notable exceptions (hydro and natural gas), the CO2 intensity of the energy supply mix suggests no effective policies, while energy security crises triggered negative carbon effects and increased prices. No clear policies to promote energy efficiency can be identified until 2005. Explicit policy instruments to promote renewable energy are only recognised after 2004. The results strongly suggest that Chile lacked of policies to effectively decarbonise its energy-economy system. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Chile
  • Climate and energy policy
  • Neoliberal economic model

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1873-6777
Luis Mundaca
E-mail: luis [dot] mundaca [at] iiiee [dot] lu [dot] se


International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE)

Lund University P.O. Box 196, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Visiting Address: Tegnérsplatsen 4,Lund

Telephone: + 46 46 222 00 00 Fax: + 46 46 222 02 10