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Lara Strupeit

Lars Strupeit

Project manager

Lara Strupeit

Policy Options for Air Pollution Prevention and Control in South Asia


  • Lars Strupeit
  • Philip Peck

Summary, in English

This case book has been compiled within the framework of Phase III of the programme on Regional Air Pollution in Developing Countries (RAPIDC) funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and coordinated by the Stockholm Environmental Institute (SEI). This work has been produced by the International Institute of Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) at Lund University with input from the programme’s National Implementing Agencies (generally research organisations, pollution control boards, etc.) in Asia and Africa.

This document generally focuses upon, and is primarily directed towards the eight signatory countries to the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and Its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) but is in essence relevant to most developing countries. The casebook is to serve as a decision support information resource for air pollution related policy formulation. It is also intended to support the implementation of mitigation options that promote pollution prevention and control.

The casebook has a number of key components.

• Background that provides context for the developing countries in focus. This seeks to highlight many parameters of particular relevance to the creation of, and relative impacts of air pollution.

• A presentation of the social and economic form of a number of major pollution sources. This content is intended to provide examples and substance to discussions of both why such developing countries are structurally vulnerable to the formation of conditions that can generate excessive air pollution challenges, and also where key leverage points for addressing the underlying causes of air pollution can be.

• A discussion of the different forms that policy interventions can take and delineation of guidelines for the implementation of the range of possible air pollution interventions in the context of such developing countries.

• The provision of a broad suite of policy intervention case studies drawn from other countries. These present successful examples of legal, fiscal and other policy measures that have been put in place in a range of jurisdictions around the globe.

The contents of this resource case-book have been presented, discussed and worked with at a series of RAPIDC programme workshops on policy development and have been successively developed in the period 2006 to 2008 in order to tailor them to the situations of the Malé countries.


  • The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics

Publishing year




Document type



Stockholm Environmental Institute


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • air pollution
  • environmental policy
  • developing countries
  • command and control
  • economic instruments
  • self-regulation
  • co-regulation
  • voluntary agreements
  • informative instruments
  • infrastructure and public services
  • policy evaluation




  • Regional Air Pollution in Developing Countries (RAPIDC)