Biofuels for Transport in Europe: Lessons about Governance, Innovation and Sustainability
- The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Based on discussions and interviews with European researchers and practitioners, this paper analyses five key (interlinking) factors that are shaping the markets for biofuels in Europe. The key factors are visionary plans, policy frameworks, stakeholder networks, local actions and sustainability issues. There is no “one-size-fits-all” approach to expand biofuels and bioenergy, especially when considering sustainability. However, there are lessons to learn about governance and policy-making related to biofuels, particularly in the early stages of a biofuels industry. Sweden and the UK are selected as the main cases in this paper as they provide contrasting pictures of the biofuels industry in Europe – Sweden is a “leader” on biofuels while the UK is in the “infant” stage of development. Furthermore, the key factors defined in this paper are developing quite differently in Sweden and the UK.
- Social Sciences Interdisciplinary