Energy Crops: Investigation of Socio-economic Barriers for Farmers in Poland
- The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Financial Barriers: In Poland, dedicated energy crops appear to remain uncompetitive compared to other traditional crops. The relatively high establishment costs for switching to energy crops is a major barrier for farmers, and the level of support offered for energy crops is considered too low by farmers.
Knowledge Barriers: A lack of information, tradition and experience with a novel crop such as willow is perceived as a factor hindering the development of energy crops. Farmers often expressed the need for a demonstration project that would among other things also prove the yield level of willow.
Equipment Barriers: The equipment for cultivating willow, especially harvesting equipment, is a problem. It is expensive, especially for farmers who have small farms, and there is no sense in purchasing the equipment individually. In the interviews, farmers suggested that collective ownership is needed.
Market Barriers: Market related issues also came forward in the interviews. Farmers need to feel secure that there will be a market once it is time to sell the harvest and that they will get a reasonable price for their product. For most farmers, there is a perception of risk in the marketplace for energy crops.
- Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
- energy crops
- Bioenergy Network of Excellence: Overcoming Barriers to Expanding Bioenergy