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The Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy in Europe

  • Kes McCormick
Publishing year: 2010
Language: English
Document type: Conference paper

Abstract english

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the emerging Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE) in Europe. The first objective is to explore different perspectives and understanding of the bio-economy and its key components. This provides the foundations for the second objective, which is to critically discuss the bio-economy in terms of positive and negative impacts as well as drivers and constraints.

Research methodology – Within the KBBE, the focus of this paper is on bioenergy, particularly biofuels for transport and the biorefinery concept. This paper is based on a literature review, discussions with European researchers and practitioners, and questionnaires of bioenergy industry associations.

Originality – This paper argues that the growing KBBE and bioenergy in Europe face a host of socio-technical issues that comprise a mix of technological, economic, social, political, environmental, regulatory and cultural aspects. This research work highlights discussion points of increasing relevance for the bio-economy, including the role of public-private networks; city-regions as drivers of the KBBE through ‘guiding visions’; and consumer-citizens and NGOs as key players in the development of the bio-economy.

Practical implications – This research work begins to explore the complexity of the KBBE. It provides insights into the emerging bio-economy in the European context and highlights topics of growing importance. The paper concludes with reflections on the bio-economy in terms of definitions, components and perspectives; visions, positives and negatives; and challenges, drivers and constraints.


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Bio-economy
  • Bioenergy
  • Sustainability
  • Europe
  • Socio-technical


Knowledge Cities World Summit
2010-11-16 - 2010-11-19
Melbourne, Australia
Kes McCormick
E-mail: kes [dot] mccormick [at] iiiee [dot] lu [dot] se

The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE)

Lund University P.O. Box 196, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Visiting Address: Tegnérsplatsen 4,Lund

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