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Carl Dalhammar

Carl Dalhammar

Senior lecturer

Carl Dalhammar

The energy using products (EuP) directive and product chain innovation


  • Chris van Rossem
  • Carl Dalhammar

Summary, in English

The Energy using products (EuP) directive proposed by the European Commission is often referred to as "the first Integrated Product Policy (IPP) directive". The main purpose of the directive is to ensure the free movement of EuP in the internal market as well as to improve the environmental performance of products throughout their life cycle. Product groups likely to be addressed through the directive include consumer electronics, electric motor systems, heating and water-heating systems, other domestic appliances and lighting. The directive aims to facilitate harmonisation of national standards, simplify EU legislation and involve industry (via standardisation) in formulating technical requirements. These developments have great potential in theory: they can stimulate continuous improvements in eco-design, improve the environmental performance in various phases of the life cycle, and create first mover advantages for European industry. However, the initiatives have been met with scepticism and criticism from many concerned stakeholders. In this paper we will describe the history of the EuP directive, its main content, some of the controversial issues, and discuss its potential to act as a driver for eco-design.


  • The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics

Publishing year







Electronics Goes Green 2004 (Plus): Driving Forces for Future Electronics, Proceedings

Document type

Conference paper


Fraunhofer IRB Verlag


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Conference name

International Congress and Exhibition on Electronics Goes Green 2004+

Conference date

2004-09-06 - 2004-09-08

Conference place

Berlin, Germany