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Bernadett Kiss

Bernadett Kiss


Bernadett Kiss

Exploring transaction costs in passive house-oriented retrofitting


  • Bernadett Kiss
  • Luis Mundaca

Summary, in English

In order to tap the energy saving and climate mitigation potential of the building sector, transaction costs of implementing energy efficient technologies need to be better understood and ultimately reduced. The objective of this paper is to identify and analyze the nature and scale of transaction costs resulting from the application of the passive house concept in energy efficient renovations. Related conceptual choices are also discussed. Our study explores measures to promote learning and knowledge development as potential strategies to reduce transaction costs. It focuses on transaction costs borne by building owners and building developers in the planning and implementation phases of a passive house-oriented renovation in Sweden. Results reveal three main sources of transaction costs: due diligence, negotiations and monitoring. The analysis shows that transaction costs are non-negligible, and for individual cost sources the scale can be 200% higher than for conventional renovations. To reduce transaction costs, various strategies such as study visits, demonstration projects, new forms of meetings and new channels of (written) information were found.


  • The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics

Publishing year





Sustainable Energy Policy and Strategies for Europe : 14th IAEE European Energy Conference

Document type

Conference paper


International Association for Energy Economics


  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • Transaction costs
  • Energy efficiency
  • Passive house

Conference name

14th International Association for Energy Economics (IAEE) European Conference

Conference date

2014-10-28 - 2014-10-31

Conference place

Rome, Italy