Against this background Björn Wickenberg (IIIEE), Kes McCormick (IIIEE) and Johanna Alkan Olsson (CEC) set out to review research frameworks explicitly focusing on implementation of NBS. The paper identifies key elements and conditions required for enabling the implementation process and discusses how the discourse on NBS implementation could move beyond conceptual propositions and advance towards more operational understanding. This is relevant for capacity building and governance of NBS at the local level, especially when considering the call for transdisciplinary efforts in this direction. Additionally, the paper raises concerns about the one-sided focus on experimentation in NBS-related research and argues that frameworks also need to address how formal planning can contribute to the integration and implementation of NBS in urban contexts.
• Few frameworks for NBS address implementation
• Collaboration and co-development of knowledge are key elements in the NBS implementation process
• The NBS concept must be integrated at different scales of urban planning
• Future frameworks for NBS should address both experimentation and formal planning processes
Read the article (open access) in the Environmental Science and Policy journal