Menu

Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

The Bioeconomy in Europe: An Overview

Author:
  • Kes McCormick
  • Niina Kautto
Publishing year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 2589-2608
Publication/Series: Sustainability
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Document type: Journal article review
Publisher: Formas

Abstract english

A bioeconomy can be defined as an economy where the basic building blocks for materials, chemicals and energy are derived from renewable biological resources. This paper provides an overview of the bioeconomy in Europe, examining it from a policy framework and concept perspective. The role of bioenergy in the bioeconomy is discussed particularly through biofuels for transport and biorefineries. The study finds that the definitions of the bioeconomy are evolving and vary depending on the actor, but display similarities such as the emphasis on economic output and a broad, cross-sectoral focus. While there is great optimism about the benefits and opportunities associated with developing an advanced bioeconomy in Europe, significant risks and trade-offs are also expressed. Furthermore, the bioeconomy concept has been criticised for presenting a technical fix and pre-empting alternative visions. To advance a competitive and sustainable bioeconomy, this paper calls for attention on two important themes: participatory governance that engages the general public and key stakeholders in an open and informed dialogue as well as a commitment by government and industry to innovation that drives concerted efforts on sustainable development of the bioeconomy.

Keywords

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • bioeconomy
  • bioenergy
  • Europe

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 2071-1050
Kes McCormick
E-mail: kes.mccormick [at] iiiee.lu.se

Assistant head of department

The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics

+46 46 222 02 56

+46 72 223 12 27

53


International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE)

Lund University P.O. Box 196, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Visiting Address: Tegnérsplatsen 4,Lund

Telephone: + 46 46 222 00 00 Fax: + 46 46 222 02 10