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Influences, effects and changes from interventions by eco-labelling schemes - What a Swan can do?

Author:
  • Åke Thidell
Publishing year: 2009
Language: English
Pages:
Publication/Series: IIIEE Dissertations 2009:5
Document type: Dissertation
Publisher: International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University

Abstract english

Eco-labelling is a voluntary and informative policy instrument aiming at stimulating environmentally beneficial product development through using the market forces. The Nordic Swan eco-labelling scheme has been in operation since 1989. The research presented in this thesis concentrates on the kinds of influences, effects and changes caused by the Nordic scheme. The direct effects regard environmental benefits, as well as other effects and changes leading to environmental benefits, from changes of licence holders’ products in a life cycle perspective, conducted to meet present and revised environmental criteria, and subsequently, from consumers’ purchases of eco-labelled products. The indirect effects are effects and changes that can be fully or partly related to the presence of eco-labels, eco-labelled products, operations of an eco-labelling scheme or its criteria, but not the direct effects of them. The indirect effects are, in particular, influencing consumption, production, information, and/or policy measures in an environmentally preferable direction.

The research concludes that that a number of effects have been addressed and primarily been described in qualitative terms; very little of environmental benefits have been qualitative measured. The main explanation is that there is so far no standardised method for doing so, and very few specified indicators. The information needed for further quantifications may be possible to obtain from producers and sales organisations. Thus, an easy-to-use, proxy-based diagnosis tool is proposed. In addition, an approach for quantifications is proposed but its application must be balances against the resource needs for its performance.

Disputation

2009-11-13
09:15
The Aula at the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE), Tegnérsplatsen 4, Lund
  • Arne Remmen (Professor)

Keywords

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Direct effect
  • Eco-labelling
  • Intervention theory
  • Environmental labelling
  • Nordic Swan
  • Measurement method
  • Indirect effect

Other

Published
  • Thomas Lindhqvist
  • Donald Huisingh
  • ISBN: 978-91-88902-54-2


International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE)

Lund University P.O. Box 196, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Visiting Address: Tegnérsplatsen 4,Lund

Telephone: + 46 46 222 00 00 Fax: + 46 46 222 02 10